Bagan, the ancient religious archaeological site is considered as the treasure of the country as well as the birth place of Myanmar. This ancient city was selected to be assembled at the east bank of river Ayewaddy and set as the capital of first empire of Myanmar. The golden age of Bagan is from 11 century to 13 century. The collection of thousands of stupas, temples and monasteries of its golden age (11-13 century) spread over 42 square kilometres of the countryside. Over 1200 religious monuments resist and still stand under bare sky during many centuries. In fact, Bagan is an uncovered museum in which full of art, architecture, religion, culture, politics and ways of life of its golden age can be learnt. Myanmar is claiming Bagan to be granted the status of UNESCO’s heritage site as it is one of the most amazing archaeological sites in South East Asia.
Bagan is a place that the tourists should not miss to visit. Mont Popa, Sale and Tant Kyi Mountain are the interesting places to visit around Bagan.
Mount Popa, the extinct volcano of 1518 meters, makes 50 km away from Bagan. The pilgrims go to Taung Kalat, a volcanic vent on which occultist elements can be found alongside the Buddhist edifices. Around the mountain, there are shrines of the belief existed even before the advent of Buddhism to Myanmar and the rise of Buddhism in Bagan. Mount Popa is one of the very famous places for “nat”, spirit worship – a belief that a person who dies for a good cause becomes a protective sprit towards those who worship that sprit with offerings. “Nat” festival takes place from November to December where especially believers come and hold the rituals.